What is fabric?
The fabric is a simple weave made with an even number of threads between the warp and the weft. It is the fabric used for most sheets and tablecloths.
Weaving is the basic weaving, the simplest because each warp thread is intertwined with each weft thread at the intersections. Therefore, it is also very robust and resistant; The right side is the same as the back and the surface is a little dull. The fabrics can be compact, but also open or light, depending on the result you want to obtain.
The fabric is made with any fiber, but the most widespread use is linen or cotton in light summer fabrics. The technical characteristics of cotton fabrics are the relationship between the weft and warp threads. For example, in the "20/24 canvas" the first number expresses the number of threads in both warp and weft (normally it is the same in warp and weft, the fabrics are said to be square, unless otherwise specified ), the second indicates the threads (warp) and the beats of the weft.
Different types of fabrics also differ in strength, given by the number of warp and weft threads per centimeter, which can also be in the ratios 27/27, 27/30 and 30/30. In general, the following rule applies: the higher the number of cotton threads, the greater the resistance of the material and the fabric shrinks less during washing, ensuring high quality of the garment in question. Dalfilo sheets use only 30/30 cotton fabrics, the highest in terms of quality and resistance.
If the count of warp threads is different from that of the weft, the warp thread is usually finer and more beautiful. A fabric is said to have double twist when it is made of threads twisted in both warp and weft.